Sarcopenia, a geriatric syndrome
Sarcopenia is a geriatric syndrome defined as a gradual decline in muscle mass, strength and function in the elderly. Its consequences : increased risk of falls, loss of mobility, decreased quality of life and becoming dependent (Cruz-Jentoft, A. et al 2010.).
What is sarcopenia ?
Sarcopenia is a disease, resulting in a high and progressive loss of muscle mass, strength and function during aging.
What are the causes ?
Sarcopenia is a complex multifactorial phenomenon. Multiple factors, interdependent, participate in the development of sarcopenia as increased splanchnic extraction, decreased protein intake …
What are the consequences ?
Sarcopenia is causing a general deterioration of the physical condition resulting in a loss of muscle mass and strength leading to an increased risk of falls, loss of independence and inevitably leads to dependance.
The diagnosis of sarcopenia is based on an assessment of:
• Muscle mass (quantified by anthropometric measurements, or by impedance absorptiometry (DEXA)
• Muscle strength (estimated by grip strength)
• The physical performance (walking speed, chair lift, get-up-and-go).
ProteoCIT for the dietary management of sarcopenia or malnutrition, especially among frail elderly.